Field & Staff Officers
he men listed below were commissioned as
field officers of the 28th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry or enlisted
as non-commissioned field staff, most of them at the time the regiment
formed and began training in late 1861 and early 1862.
the unit's subsequent three and a
half years of service, most of the other men who held these positions
were promoted from lower ranks. For this reason, their names appear on
the rosters of the individual companies in which they originally
From time to time,
however, individuals from
the outside the 28th obtained commissions as officers largely through
political connections with the Governor's Office or Irish community
leaders in Boston. Even if most of these men turned out to be excellent
soldiers owing to previous service with other regiments, this practice
raised not only eyebrows but ire among those men who had served
faithfully in the ranks and believed they had earned promotions.
Monteith. Colonel. New York, 34,
builder; comm. 11/25/1861, must.1/3/1862; resigned and disch. to date
8/3/1862. Later court martialed.
Byrnes. Colonel. New Jersey, 28,
soldier; comm. 9/29/1862, must. 9/29/1862; wounded 6/3/1864 at Cold
Harbor, Va.; died of wounds 6/12/1864, Washington, D.C. Prior service
as officer in 5th U.S. Cavalry. Photo.
Lieutenant Colonel. Boston, 24, bookbinder; comm. 11/25/1861, must.
1/3/1862; resigned and disch. 7/25/1862. See also Co. A, 11th Mass.
W. Cartwright. Major. Boston,
32, printer; comm. 10/8/1861; must. 12/24/1861; comm. Lt. Col.,
7/26/1862, must. 11/15/1862; wounded 9/30/1862 at 2nd Bull Run, Va.;
and 5/6/1864 at Wilderness, Va.; comm. Col. 7/21/1864, not must.; must.
out as Lt. Col. on 12/19/1864. Photo.
Magner. Quarter Master and 1st
Lieutenant. New York City, 28, ---; comm. 10/15/1861, must. 12/13/1861;
comm. Captain and must. to date 4/5/1862; wounded 7/3/1863 at
Gettysburg, Pa.; killed 5/18/1864 at Spotsylvania, Va. as Captain of
A. Hosmer. Quarter Master and
1st Lieutenant. West Boylston, 28, lawyer; comm. 10/24/1861, must.
10/28/1861; transf. to Co. A, 1st Mass. Heavy Arty. (14th Mass. Inf.)
on 1/29/1862. Would later serve as U.S. Army assistant judge advocate
(prosecutor) in the summer 1865 war crimes trial of Capt. Henry Wirz,
commandant of the Confederacy's notorious Andersonville Prison. Hosmer
described Wirz as guilty of "fiendish cruelties," "horrible outrages"
and "detestable crimes."
Charles H. Sanborn.
Adjutant and 1st Lieutenant. Boston, 27, submarine engineer; comm.
10/8/1861, must. 12/30/1861; comm. Captain, 4/4/1862; wounded
12/13/1862 at Fredericksburg, Va.; resigned and disch. 6/3/1862 as
Captain of Co. K.
A. O'Connell. Surgeon. Boston,
26, physician; comm. 10/25/1861, must. 12/13/1861; prisoner 8/30/1862
at 2nd Bull Run, Va., exchanged date not hown; disch. to date 6/7/1863.
Also served in 9th Mass. Inf.
E. Hubon. Surgeon. Worcestor,
---, physician; comm. 5/27/1863, must. 7/1/1863; must. out 7/22/1865.
Previous service with 27th Mass. Inf.
W. Snow. Assistant Surgeon.
Chelsea, 24, physician; comm. 9/30/1861; must. 12/2/1861; captured
8/30/1862 at 2nd Bull Run, Va., exchanged, date not shown; promoted to
Surgeon, 35th Mass. Inf. on 3/13/1863.
James T. Rood. Assistant Surgeon.
Rutland, 31, physician;
comm. and must. 8/11/1862; resigned and disch. 11/23/1862 at Falmouth,
E. Parsons. Assistant Surgeon.
Charlestown, 27, physician; comm. 3/18/1863, must. 4/11/1863; resigned
and disch. 7/30/1863.
A. Chase. Assistant Surgeon.
Meredith, N.H., 24, physician; comm. 4/7/1865, must. 4/14/1865; must.
O'Brien. Chaplain. Roxbury, ---,
clergyman; comm. 1/7/1862; disch. 5/5/1862 per Special Order #43 War
Lawrence McMahon. Chaplain. Boston, 35,
clergyman; comm. and
must. 6/28/1862; resigned and disch. 5/30/1863.
C. Brackett. Sergeant Major.
Boston, 21, clerk; enl. 10/12/1861, must. 1/1/1862; comm. 2nd Lieut.,
4/4/1862; comm. and must. 1st. Lieut., 9/24/1862; comm. Captain,
5/12/1863 and declined; wounded 12/13/1862 at Fredericksburg, Va.,
disch. 11/19/1864 for promotion to Captain of Co. B, 57th Mass. Inf.
Benjamin F. Weeks. Quarter
Master Sergeant. Boston, 24, ---;
enl. 9/24/1861 and must. as Private; appointed Qr. Master Sergt. from
Commissary Sergt., 3/26/1862; comm. 1st. Lieut. and Quarter Master,
4/6/1862; disch. 6/5/1864 as 1st Lieut. and Qtr. Master for promotion.
C. Barrington. Hospital Steward.
Chelsea, 39, physician; enl. 11/1/1861, must. 1/1/1862; comm. Asst.
Surgeon and must. 12//5/1862; resigned and disch. 6/17/1864 as Asst.
Surgeon. See also 2nd Mass. Heavy Arty.